Question No. 20
If you’re going to Machu Picchu in highland Peru, you should consider visiting Cuzco, at 3,400 meters above sea level. You will enjoy walking through the Plaza de Armas and visiting the Temple of the Sun. You can also look at Cuzco’s interesting museums and beautiful houses as well as its magnificent churches. Remember, however, that these churches close for a few hours around noon. In addition, you can take advantage of modern hotels and restaurants, and at the same time, see Cuzco’s fascinating history preserved in its architecture, language, and ancient treasures.
Question No. 21
When you start living alone, you might find it difficult to manage your money. Here are some tips that you may find helpful. One hint is first to make a detailed budget, or plan, of how much money you have and what you are going to spend it on each month. Then, look at your budget and decide if you can buy fewer items. Also, use less electricity, water, or other utilities by turning off lights, for example. Finally, before shopping, make a list of what you need and compare prices on those items from different shops.
Question No. 22
Have you ever heard the phrase “It’s all Greek to me”? We use it when we don’t understand a foreign language or a difficult concept. If someone tries to explain a theory from physics or mathematics that we cannot comprehend, we could say, “It’s all Greek to me.” This phrase appears in William Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar, where one Roman tells another that he couldn’t understand somebody because he spoke Greek. Although this phrase had been used earlier by different writers, Shakespeare’s use of the phrase helped to make it popular, and it continues to be used even today.
Questions No. 23 to 25
Americans have traditionally wanted to live apart from their parents, as personal independence is often thought to be very important. Therefore, in most cases, the elderly live in their own homes, while their grown children move away and live elsewhere. However, some elderly people and their grown-up children have decided to combine households, and this trend has been increasing in recent years.
There certainly are benefits to living as a multi-generational family in the same house. Grandparents take care of young children while the parents go to work. Young children learn about their family history, cooking, and household repair skills from their grandparents.
Senior citizens also get a lot out of spending time with their grandchildren. Grandparents stay in good health, hiking and playing sports with the grandchildren. The grandchildren can teach their grandparents how to use computers and keep up with the latest technology.
Parents can teach their children proper manners toward older people through their own behavior toward their parents. Children learn from seeing their parents interact with the grandparents. Parents can get the help of the children in watching out for the safety of the grandparents, thus sharing the burden if the state of their health becomes a problem.
【解答】 2014年度 本試験 第４問
問20 ① 問21 ③
問23 ① 問24 ②